ERBIL — The Kurds, the largest stateless group of people in the world, have been subject to multiple massacres and genocide throughout the modern history, but the chemical attack in Halabja remains the symbol for the sacrifice they have paid to stay alive as a nation.
On 16th March 1988, the warplanes of the Baath regime rained chemical bombs on the civilians in Halabja city of Kurdistan Region, killing more than 5,000 people instantly and leaving over 1,000 wounded.
Although 31 years have passed since the tragic chemical bombardment of Halabja, the consequences are still there with scores of Halabja children missing and hundreds suffering from their wounds.
Local administration and the Halabja Victims Society have organized several events today in the city to commemorate the tragedy.
Halabja chemical attack was one extended genocidal attack out of many other attacks against the Kurds including the killing of thousands of Kurdish Failies in the 1970s-80s, the slaughtering of thousands of Barzanis in 1983, and the Anfal campaign in 1988.
Halabja chemical attack was the second most horrific crime against humanity after Hiroshima and Nagasaki attacks with atomic bombs in World War II.
Following the capture of Baath regime’s elements and after years of trial, Ali Hassan al-Majid, who was Saddam Hussein’s cousin and a top general in his government, was found responsible for the Halabja chemical attack and consequently sentenced to death. The sentence was carried out on 25th of January, 2010.