ISTANBUL — Archaeologists from the University of Tübingen in Germany found remnants of a large city which existed during the Bronze Age, in northern Iraq, 60 kilometers from Mosul and just 45 kilometers from one of the bases of the Islamic State.
Where once was a large Bronze Age city, now is a small Kurdish village named Bassetki.
The city was established in about 5000 years ago and was in existence for more than 1200 years.
Settlement layers dating from the Akkadian Empire period (2340-2200 BC), which is regarded as the first world empire in human history were also discovered.
Fragments of Assyrian cuneiform tablets which were also found there, indicate that there existed a temple dedicated to the Mesopotamian god Hadad, who controlled thunder, storm and rain. The tablets are about 3300 years old.
During their stay, archaeologists were not concerned for their safety.
“The protection of our employees is always our top priority. Despite the geographical proximity to IS, there’s a great deal of security and stability in the Kurdish autonomous areas in Iraq,” said Professor Peter Pfälzner, Director of the Department of Near Eastern Archaeology at the IANES of the University of Tübingen, who was the head of the 30-member team who performed the excavation and research.
The team lived only 60 kilometers north of Mosul during this excavation process which lasted approximately three months.
The excavation work of the archaeologists and their resulting discovery forestalled the country’s plan to build a highway there.